Video: ❶ History Of Hair Dyeing
People have always sought to improve or somehow change the appearance given to them by nature. For this, various techniques were used: tattoos, piercings, more exotic methods of self-modification, hair coloring. The history of hair dyeing began a long time ago. Location: Location:
How old is hair dyeing history? A couple of hundred? Nothing like this. People have been dyeing their hair for over 3,000 years. Scientists made this conclusion after getting acquainted with the recipes of herbalists of Assyria, containing compositions for dyeing hair. The records of the ancient barbers are dated 2177 BC. e.
By the way, initially hair dyeing had the same functions as a tattoo in primitive (and not so) tribes. Its purpose was to demonstrate to everyone around the status of the bearer, his social position and the like. Therefore, in ancient Persia and Assyria, dyeing (beards, for example) was the privilege of only the very noble and rich.
Ancient Egyptians from noble families preferred to dye their hair black (the color of power) and dark brown. To do this, they used compositions based on soot and henna. However, other plant dyes have also been used to give the hair the desired shade.
In the future, the Egyptians abandoned soot-based paints, starting to use compositions based on lead and basma. However, lead paint, which gave the hair a noble status blue-black color, was used only by the high priests and pharaohs. The less wealthy and noble could not afford it.
But the ancient Greeks preferred golden and ash hair. They achieved these shades with the help of special powders.
Being dark-haired in ancient Rome was considered almost indecent. Noble Romans used special compositions for lightening hair, not disdaining in especially difficult cases and wigs.
The lightening procedure itself was barbaric. Hydrogen peroxide has not yet been invented, and the composition was made from quince, ash and a combination of herbs. After the composition was applied to the hair, in addition the woman had to sit for more than one hour, exposing her hair to the scorching rays of the sun. This was the only way to achieve the desired effect.
In the future, the formulation of the composition was improved. Mixtures based on cinnabar, talc, lime and beech ash began to be used.
Nothing is known about hair dyeing in the Middle Ages. Indeed, in that era, Puritanism was in fashion.
More than five centuries ago, the famous Queen Elizabeth I of England introduced new standards of beauty. All Englishwomen aspired to acquire the same red hair and equally anemic pale skin.
Long forgotten hair lightening came into fashion again in France in the second half of the 19th century. It was then that compositions based on hydrogen peroxide began to be used to "etch" the natural hair color. Such formulations are used to this day.
In the 20th century, the chemist Schueller invented a dye based on metal salts and patented it as a means to guarantee the desired color of hair. The chemist created a special society to sell his paints. A society that, after a few years, became the world famous L'Oreal company.
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