Video: ❶ How To Treat Acute Pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is a severe inflammation of the pancreas that requires immediate hospitalization. Lack of intensive care can lead to death of the patient. Location: Location: The inflammatory process in the pancreas is especially dangerous in the early days of the disease. At this time, a person's body temperature and the number of leukocytes in the blood can sharply increase. An accurate diagnosis is made only after computed tomography and obtaining an analysis of blood cultures.
As a rule, experts recommend avoiding food and drink so as not to stimulate the pancreas. Drugs and nutrients are given intravenously and excess air is removed from the stomach using a tube. To eliminate painful sensations, it is advisable to take narcotic analgesics, which are prescribed by the attending physician.
With repeated vomiting, antiemetic drugs are prescribed and administered intravenously, which eliminate the unpleasant symptom and relieve the body of dehydration. The lost supply of fluid is replenished with the infusion of special solutions that dilute the blood and reduce the concentration of pancreatic enzymes in it.
Under the supervision of specialists, vital signs of a person (pulse, blood pressure, respiratory function) are regularly measured, urine and blood tests (glucose, leukocyte levels, enzyme activity) are examined.
In exceptional cases, immediate surgical intervention is required. This is usually necessary if acute pancreatitis is due to trauma. With a constant deterioration of the patient's condition, the specialist decides to remove the infected pancreatic tissue. Also, surgery is necessary for severe pancreatitis caused by the appearance of gallstones.
After an acute attack, it is recommended to adhere to the prescribed diet so that the disease does not flow into a chronic form. As a rule, fatty, spicy, fried foods that negatively affect the work of the pancreas are excluded from the diet.