Video: ❶ How To Avoid A Heart Attack
Diseases of the cardiovascular system in Russia are the main culprits in death and the leading cause of disability. Myocardial infarction is a heart disease caused by an acute insufficiency of its blood supply. In many cases, this condition can be prevented if you change your lifestyle in time and follow the recommendations of doctors. Location: Location: In this disease, due to atherosclerosis of the vessels of the heart, there is a violation of the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart muscle. As a result, there is a necrosis of a portion of the muscle, which leads to a failure of the entire cardiovascular system.
Myocardial infarction does not occur from scratch; most patients usually have prior risk factors. The main manageable risk factors are arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, smoking, alcohol abuse, overweight, physical inactivity and stress.
First of all, you need to take control of blood pressure. With its increase, the load on the heart increases significantly, the inner surface of the vessels is damaged. This facilitates the buildup of fatty plaques, which can lead to thrombosis, which means heart attacks and strokes.
Weight control helps to get rid of hypertension. A loss of only 3-5 kg in most patients normalizes blood pressure. Each extra pound of fat contains many blood vessels that dramatically increase the stress on the heart. The diet should be rich in green vegetables, root vegetables, fruits. It is necessary to eat fish daily, and replace red meat with poultry. Excluded are pastry products, fresh bread, meat and mushroom broths, sauces, fatty meats, smoked meats, canned food, salted and dried fish, fatty boiled sausages, hard-boiled eggs, chocolate, cakes, coffee, cocoa. In addition, it is necessary to strictly limit the amount of salt consumed, as it causes an increase in blood pressure in many. To do this, you must, first of all, give up canned food and semi-finished products.
Learning how to relieve stress is vital to avoid a heart attack. Negative emotions negatively affect many bodily functions, including blood pressure. Doctors recommend several well-known stress-relieving strategies - deep breathing, meditation, massage, and regular exercise.
Physical activity improves lipid metabolism, reduces body weight and blood sugar levels. Regular exercise can reduce your risk of having another heart attack by 30%. It is enough to ride a bike, ski every day for 40 minutes, and do gymnastics once a week for an hour.
Prevention of heart attack also implies a complete rejection of bad habits. Smoking significantly aggravates coronary heart disease, as nicotine has a vasoconstrictor effect. In smokers, the risk of a second heart attack doubles. Alcohol abuse is also unacceptable, it is possible to consume a small amount of wine with food.