Video: ❶ Iron Deficiency Anemia And Its Causes
Iron deficiency anemia is a clinical and hematological syndrome in which hemoglobin synthesis is impaired, which manifests itself as a decrease in its concentration in a unit of blood volume. As a rule, with the exception of cases of iron deficiency and thalassemia, the disease is also characterized by a low content of red blood cells. Location: Location: The main symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are muscle weakness, impaired sense of smell, and the appearance of exotic taste preferences. The patient may have a desire to eat chalk, plaster, clay, paper and even dry cereals, he begins to like the smell of gasoline, solvent, acetone or wet tobacco.
Added to the symptoms are "seizures" - painful cracks in the corners of the mouth. The hair of an anemic patient is dull, their ends are split. Difficulty swallowing food, both solid and liquid, and urinary incontinence are also observed. The skin and mucous membranes are pale in color, the nails are spoon-shaped. Children with anemia have reduced immunity, impaired memory and even reduced intellectual ability. For adult patients, in severe cases, cardiopathy and circulatory disorders are characteristic.
Such symptoms are most often treated by middle-aged women and those in menopause, characterized by menstrual irregularities. In the history of such patients, you can often find several abortions, repeated births, accompanied by large blood loss. Blood loss, along with a lack of heme-rich foods such as fish and meat, is the main cause of iron deficiency anemia. Also, this condition can be observed in malnourished people.
The first place among the reasons is occupied by blood loss in the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, in men, anemia is mainly associated with them. Sometimes hemorrhoidal bleeding becomes their cause. In women, gynecological blood loss is more often the cause, which is observed with prolonged and heavy menstruation. In adolescent girls, the onset of anemia is associated with a lack of iron due to rapid growth and the appearance of the first menstruation. In adolescent boys, it can develop due to bleeding of postbulbar duodenal ulcers.
Even with mild symptoms, you should seek medical help. Iron deficiency anemia is treated fairly quickly with oral iron. Ferrous iron preparations are usually prescribed and should be taken by mouth in moderate doses. At the same time, an improvement in well-being occurs almost immediately, but an increase in hemoglobin in the blood will become noticeable only after 5-6 weeks.