Video: ❶ How To Treat A Virus
The success of the treatment of any infectious disease, including viral etiology, depends on reliable information about the characteristics of a particular pathogen. Many viruses are known to infect various human organs. There are certain principles in their treatment, the observance of which is extremely important for recovery. Location: Location: First of all, you need to find out which specific virus attacked your body. The source of infection can be sick people, animals, insects, etc. The virus can enter through a bite, contact with infected blood or airborne droplets. In some cases, a particular virus can be identified based on clinical manifestations, such as the causative agent of influenza. Sometimes, for an accurate diagnosis, you will need to undergo a laboratory examination, to identify the virus and antibodies to it.
After the pathogen is identified, it is important to follow the basic principles of treatment. First, the body needs to create favorable conditions for recovery. This is the regimen and diet. Since viruses in most cases are highly contagious (influenza, rubella, chickenpox, measles, etc.), the patient is prescribed home or bed rest, depending on the severity of the disease. Nutrition should be balanced in terms of protein, vitamins and minerals. Drinking should be plentiful, since an adequate amount of fluid helps to accelerate the leaching of toxic substances from the body caused by exposure to the virus.
Treatment of specific symptoms of the disease is carried out depending on the type of pathogen. In case of rashes on the skin, they are treated, with a cough or a runny nose, inhalations or drops are used. At high temperatures, antipyretic drugs are used. With viral lesions of the liver or brain, respectively, drugs are taken that improve the function of these organs.
Specific antiviral therapy is prescribed by a doctor. It is not recommended to take antiviral drugs on your own, as it is difficult to find the right remedy and the correct dosage. An antiviral drug must be highly selective for this particular virus; attempts to achieve the effect of increasing the dose can lead to toxic poisoning.
Prevention of viral infections is of great importance. A number of pathogens, such as human papillomavirus, herpes virus and other types, persist in the body for a long time, often throughout life. Exacerbations occur against the background of decreased immunity, unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Prevention of respiratory viruses, such as influenza, is carried out by limiting contact with sick people and taking restorative agents. For some viruses, prophylactic vaccinations have been developed and applied.