Video: ❶ Uterine Fibroids: Symptoms And Treatment
Fibroids are often found in gynecological departments of various clinics, hospitals and medical centers. This disease is inherent only in the fair sex. Quite often, when diagnosing a disease, women are horrified. Do not be afraid ahead of time, it is worth learning more about the disease itself and its treatment. Location: Location:
Fibroids or fibroids of the uterus are benign tumors. They consist of elements of connective and muscle tissue. The disease occurs in 15-17% of women over 30 years of age. Fibroids of the uterus occur, usually during puberty. At the same time, the reproductive function of the body decreases.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids depend on where the tumor is and where it grows. So, tumors that grow towards the abdominal cavity are small in size. They often do not affect menstrual function and do not cause any disturbances. It also happens that with a significant amount of fibroids, there are no symptoms of the disease, and sometimes they appear quite early. Remember that every girl and woman, whether she has fibroids or not, should know the main manifestations of this disease.
Symptoms of fibroids (fibroids):
- Uterine bleeding between periods;
- excessively abundant and prolonged periods, against the background of which anemia may develop (as a result of stretching and enlargement of the uterine cavity);
- pain (may be associated with menstruation, or may exist independently of it and be permanent), localized in the lower abdomen and lower back;
- infertility and frequent miscarriages;
- Frequent urination or constipation (signs of compression of adjacent organs).
Fibroids of the uterus grow very slowly. A rapid increase in the tumor can sometimes be a sign of a malignant disease - sarcoma. Therefore, at the first symptoms, contact your gynecologist to rule out cancer and prescribe adequate treatment.
In the treatment of fibroids, it is worth highlighting two approaches: reducing the size of tumor nodules and further prevention; removal of myomatous nodes in various ways. What methods of treatment of uterine fibroids exist today?
Antihormone therapy. The uterine fibroid stops growing or shrinks altogether during menopause. Therefore, for its treatment, special drugs are used that create an artificial menopause in the body. It is reversible. Create it for a period from 3 months to six months. There is another option for anti-hormonal treatment. It consists in the appointment of a drug that suppresses progesterone.
High-frequency focused ultrasound (FUS-ablation). Here, under the guidance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound is aimed at the node. In the center of the nodule, tissues are heated to a very high temperature and some of them die.
Embolization of the uterine arteries. The idea behind this method is to selectively block the arterial vessels that supply blood to the uterine fibroids.
Conservative myomectomy. An operation that aims to remove fibroid nodes while preserving the organ itself. In most cases, it is indicated for those women who are planning a pregnancy, and the presence of nodes potentially interferes with gestation. There are three types of operations:
- laparotomy (abdominal, everything is done by the hands of a surgeon);
- laparoscopic (endoscopic, takes place under the control of a video camera, which is inserted into the abdominal cavity; performed with instruments);
- hysterorezoctoscopic (removal of submucosal tumors growing in the uterine cavity).
Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus). This is the most common treatment method in Russia. But it should only be used as a last resort, when the body of the uterus is actually one myomatous node.