Video: ❶ Abortion: Types And Features
Abortion is the most extreme measure that must be considered after weighing the pros and cons. After all, we are talking about the life of an already formed man. However, there are difficult life situations or medical indications in which it is necessary to resort to this unpleasant procedure in all respects. Location: Location:
Abortion, or artificial termination of pregnancy, in Russia, according to the law, is carried out strictly up to 12 weeks. However, for strict medical reasons, doctors perform abortions up to 15 weeks. With a gestational age of more than 15 weeks, an abortion is considered late and can only be done in specialized institutions and clinics.
There are several types of abortion. Clinics and medical centers also vary in modernity and equipment and may not offer all abortion techniques. However, all types of abortion have the same essence, and before making this difficult decision, a woman needs to weigh the pros and cons, take into account the peculiarities of her health and, possibly, consult with the closest people.
The now widespread medical abortion is used to terminate a pregnancy up to 6-7 weeks. The woman takes special pills that cause the death of the embryo and the rejection of the ovum. Under the supervision of a doctor, a woman is 2 hours after taking the first pill. The advantages of the method are that the abortion is performed without surgery and the opening of the cervix, and the woman does not receive anesthesia. But sometimes there are complications of medical abortion, when the fertilized egg does not come out completely. In this case, scraping is required.
Mini-abortion, or vacuum abortion, allows you to terminate unwanted pregnancies up to 8 weeks. Abortion is performed by removing the ovum and the fetus with a special hose with vacuum suction. The operation takes 10 minutes and can be done with or without local anesthesia. General anesthesia is sometimes used. The woman stays in the hospital for several hours for monitoring.
Classical abortion with instruments has been widely used since time immemorial. Its essence is in scraping the uterine cavity with a special curette - a spoon with sharp edges. In this case, large parts of the fetus's body are destroyed with the help of special forceps and removed from the uterus. This method is fraught with a lot of complications. The doctor performs an almost blind abortion and can injure the uterus. The cervix often ruptures when expanded with instruments. In modern clinics, such an abortion is done under ultrasound control, general anesthesia is used. After the operation, the woman must remain in the hospital for several more hours. However, a classic abortion is often performed on an outpatient basis, which is also an additional risk to a woman's health.
Late abortions are performed from 18 to 27 weeks in the form of induction of induced labor. In this case, a concentrated solution of salt and glucose is injected into the fetal bladder, and the fetus dies. After a few hours, independent labor begins, or it is stimulated. The fruit is born dead. Sometimes a small cesarean section is used, which also refers to late abortions. The anterior peritoneal wall is opened and the fetus and placenta are removed from the uterus. The uterine cavity is carefully scraped out. Often, a fetus born in this way is viable, despite severe prematurity. The child dies in the first hours of life, since resuscitation measures are not applied to him.
Complications after abortion occur in 2-30% of cases. Bleeding, rupture of the cervix, inflammation of the uterus and appendages, hormonal disorders often lead to infertility. The moral and ethical side of abortion should also be taken into account - many women develop depressive states and feelings of guilt that do not go away for years. Therefore, it is especially important to carefully consider the need for this event if you do not have an absolute medical indication for abortion and you are only driven by unwillingness to have a child.