Video: ❶ How To Treat Macular Degeneration
Macula is the central part of the retina of the eye, which is very important for vision, with its help a person can see objects in front of the eyes. It consists of fragile light-sensitive cells. The condition when these cells are damaged is called macular degeneration. This disease must be treated. Location: Location: This ailment is classified into two types. Dry macular degeneration is more common. It proceeds very slowly and leads to the loss of the central visual field. This type of disease is incurable. Wet macular degeneration is rarely diagnosed. With it, new blood vessels are formed behind the retina of the eye, which are very delicate and permeable to blood. This leads to hemorrhages, the formation of connective tissue, and as a result - to loss of vision. In the early stages of development, this ailment responds well to treatment. Such damage to the eyes does not cause pain and does not lead to complete blindness, since peripheral vision is preserved. At the same time, it is difficult for a person to write, read, it is impossible to drive a car.
Most often this disease occurs in older women. It can be caused by smoking, ultraviolet radiation, lack of certain vitamins and microelements in the diet, impaired blood circulation in the vessels of the eyes, diabetes, high cholesterol levels in the blood. The disease can also be inherited.
The symptom of macular degeneration is the deterioration of central vision. Items are distorted. Sensitivity to light develops. In some cases, patients complain of a black spot in the central part of the visual field.
Macular degeneration is treated with several methods. Local therapy consists in the use of drugs that protect the eye tissue, strengthen the vascular wall. They are used as tablets or injections under the conjunctiva of the eyeball. Photodynamic therapy is also used. The patient is given a drug that increases the absorption of light in the resulting vessels, and then a laser is directed at the newly formed vascular membrane behind the retina. New blood flows are thrombosed, hemorrhages stop, vision is restored.