Video: ❶ What Is Surgical Abortion
Surgical abortion, despite the existing less traumatic methods (medical abortion or vacuum aspiration), has been and remains the most common way to terminate unwanted pregnancies. So what is surgical abortion and what are the consequences? Location: Location: The problem of surgical abortion is still an urgent issue of modern medicine, despite the extensive development of contraception. The procedure itself is called "curettage" or "scraping". Unlike medical and vacuum abortion, surgical abortion is performed in a hospital under local or general anesthesia and often leads to complications.
To avoid complications, a medical examination is prescribed before the abortion. As a rule, a blood test for HIV infection, viral hepatitis and syphilis, analysis of a vaginal smear, ultrasound of the uterine cavity, determination of blood group and Rh factor are performed. In the absence of contraindications, based on research data, the method of pain relief is chosen.
Surgical abortion is performed for 6-12 weeks, on average, the operation takes twenty minutes. During its implementation, the tissues of the ovum are destroyed, and then removed by scraping from the uterine cavity. The doctor first opens the cervical canal using metal dilators. With the help of a sharp curette, the destroyed tissue of the ovum is removed. Before completing the operation, the doctor must make sure that the contents of the uterus are completely removed. For this, an additional procedure can be used - vacuum aspiration.
The effectiveness of the method of surgical termination of pregnancy is 97%. However, cases of repeated intervention are not excluded. Abortion can cause a large number of complications, so this surgery is a high risk for women's health. The physician's job is to minimize the risk of complications.
The most common complications after surgical abortion are:
- allergic reactions to anesthesia;
- trauma to the endometrium and uterus;
- inflammatory processes and infectious diseases of the pelvic organs;
- perforation of the uterine cavity, this complication can lead to profuse bleeding;
- cervical insufficiency;
- complications from the cardiovascular system;
- incomplete removal of the tissues of the ovum (in this case, repeated cleaning is carried out).