Video: ❶ Planning A Pregnancy: Taking Tests
If a woman who is going to soon become a mother wants to give birth to a healthy child, she needs to be tested before this pregnancy. Bad habits, hereditary diseases and hidden infections in the mother can become fatal for her unborn child. Location: Location:
Planning a pregnancy is a must. You can't just decide that it's time to become parents and "throw yourself into the pool with your head." Medical research shows that early detection of hidden infections and all kinds of hereditary diseases will help a woman to bear and give birth to a healthy baby.
First of all, both a woman and a man need to get rid of bad habits. This refers to the use of alcohol and cigarettes. After all, the toxic substances contained in these products negatively affect the composition of the sperm in a man and the work of the reproductive organs in a woman.
2-3 months before the onset of pregnancy, a woman needs to visit a gynecologist, contact him with a question about planning a pregnancy and get a referral for the most common tests: a general blood test, urine test, a blood test for HIV, AIDS, hepatitis A, B, C, syphilis, Rh factor, blood group and biochemical blood test. Also, the doctor should take a smear from the woman for the flora.
Gynecologists recommend that a woman who is going to become a mother to be vaccinated against some dangerous diseases, especially rubella. In order to find out if a woman has had rubella before, it is necessary to donate blood for the presence of antibodies to this disease in the blood. If there are antibodies to rubella in the blood, then the body has already encountered it and then the vaccination does not need to be done.
Among the diseases that are considered relatively harmless for adults and children, there are those that are extremely dangerous for pregnant women. To exclude them, it is necessary to conduct an analysis for TORCH infection. In addition to testing for rubella, this includes testing for toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus and herpes. It is imperative to donate blood for antibodies to these infections before pregnancy. They increase the risk of congenital malformations of the fetus, various malformations, up to disability.
If a woman suffers from menstrual irregularities, obesity, she has had miscarriages or missed pregnancies before, then she needs to be tested for hormones. The list of hormones that need to be tested should be determined by a gynecologist.