Video: ❶ Pregnancy By Trimester
Doctors-gynecologists divide the waiting time of the child into three periods, called trimesters. So, each of them has its own characteristics of the course, a list of examinations and analyzes, as well as possible complications. Location: Location:
From the moment pregnancy is established, the first trimester lasts until 12 weeks. At this time, it is advisable to register with the antenatal clinic, to pass tests, which include a general examination of the composition of urine, blood, biochemical research, tests for AIDS, syphilis, sexually transmitted infections, in some cases it is recommended to do a hemastosiogram (a detailed blood test) … In addition, you should undergo an ultrasound of the heart, kidneys, fill out a bypass sheet, which will contain the conclusion of such specialists as an infectious disease doctor, general practitioner, surgeon, ophthalmologist, pediatrician and others.
It is important to do the first ultrasound screening during this period. The doctor will establish the presence of multiple pregnancies, the location of the chorion, the presence of muscle tone, determine if there is a threat of miscarriage, the size of the neck area and nasal septum, the distance of the chorion from the internal pharynx, and other facts. This study is carried out for a period of 10-12 weeks, usually by the abdominal method.
At the request of a woman, an ultrasound scan can be done at an earlier date, for example, to establish the fact of pregnancy, to exclude an ectopic or in the presence of pathologies.
At this time, the appearance of toxicosis, a change in sexual desire, mood is possible. This is due to hormonal changes in the body and passes over time. In case the toxicosis is severe, you can consult a doctor who will prescribe special drugs. At the same time, many begin to take a course of multivitamins, which should include vitamins A, E and folic acid. If there is a threat of termination of pregnancy, the doctor will prescribe medications that relieve the muscle tone of the uterus.
The second trimester starts at 13 weeks and lasts until 27. At this time, a special analysis is prescribed - AFP - which reveals pathologies in the development of the fetus. At 15-16 weeks, the formation of the placenta ends, and it is localized in a specific area of the uterus. The doctor prescribes a second ultrasound screening for a period of 22-24 weeks. Such a study will reveal the location of the placenta, its size, the amount of amniotic fluid, the size of the fetus, its organs, the state of the cervix and much more, including the sex of the child.
The third trimester starts at 28 weeks and continues until the very birth. At this time, repeated blood tests for infections are prescribed, the third ultrasound screening, which examines the state of the internal pharynx, the baby's organs, the presence of polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios, the weight of the child, the correspondence of the gestational age to the ultrasound data, and more.
In the last trimester, late gestosis often occurs, accompanied by edema, shortness of breath, polyhydramnios. Treatment should be carried out in a hospital. If there is a threat of premature birth, it is necessary to go to the hospital for conservation, where they will conduct a course of tocolytic therapy.
At this time, you need to spend more time in the fresh air, try to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, not get nervous, get ready to meet your baby. You should collect everything you need in the hospital, buy a dowry for the baby and agree with the doctor who will take delivery.