Video: ❶ How To Diagnose Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a disease characterized by overgrowth of the lining of the uterus (endometrium). It is the third most common gynecological disease after uterine fibroids and inflammatory processes in the pelvic area. Most often, women of reproductive age suffer from endometriosis, especially closer to forty years. Location: Location: Endometriosis in women who have given birth more than once is less common (26-28%) than in nulliparous women (35-40%). But in some cases, the appearance of this disease is also possible in adolescent girls: in almost half of girls of this age who have been operated on for pain in the pelvic region, endometriosis is diagnosed.
The exact numbers of patients with endometriosis are unknown, this is due to the difficult diagnosis of the disease and its asymptomatic course in some cases. In this case, the pathology is found in about 70% of women with pain in the small pelvis. These data illustrate well the need for preventive visits to the gynecologist.
The symptoms of this disease can be very varied. They largely depend on the characteristics of the female body. In some cases, endometriosis does not manifest itself at all and only a preventive medical examination can establish it in time.
Pain symptom manifests itself in 45–65% of patients with endometriosis. Menses very painful with dysmenorrhea symptoms. Along with the usual menstrual bleeding, brownish discharge from the genitals may be observed, which persists for several days after the end of menstruation.
Pelvic pain in endometriosis, not associated with the menstrual cycle, is noted in 16–29% of women. This pain is caused by a secondary inflammatory process that develops in the affected organs. Some women experience severe pain during intercourse. There are often painful sensations in the lumbar region, irregular menstruation and their excessive abundance.
Another common symptom of endometriosis is infertility. It occurs in 35% of patients. The cause may be changes in the tubes, ovaries, etc.
If you use intrauterine contraceptives, have abortions and smoke, the likelihood of developing endometriosis increases.