Video: ❶ How To Treat Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a female disease in which nodules similar in structure to the endometrium are formed inside the uterine cavity or outside it. To cure endometriosis, you need to see your doctor. Location: Location: The endometrium is the tissue that lines the surface of the uterus from the inside. It develops during the monthly cycle and is rejected along with menstrual blood if fertilization has not occurred. But sometimes the endometrial tissue gets back into the abdominal cavity, takes root and grows in the uterus, on the ovaries or other organs.
You can suspect endometriosis if you have too painful periods and spotting between them, pain during sexual intercourse, infertility. In some cases, this disease is asymptomatic and only a doctor can diagnose it. That is why it is very important to regularly undergo preventive examinations by a gynecologist, especially if your family has already encountered cases of endometriosis.
The choice of treatment tactics for endometriosis depends on many factors. In this case, it is important not only to eliminate the nodules themselves, but also to prevent the formation of adhesions and cysts, and also to prevent relapse.
Conservative treatment consists in the appointment of a woman with hormonal, anti-inflammatory, desensitizing and symptomatic medications. The most important part of treatment is hormone therapy. Usually the doctor prescribes estrogen-progestogen drugs - two- or three-phase oral contraceptives. They suppress the secretion of some hormonal substances in the woman's body and interrupt the cyclic processes in the endometrial cells. Conservative treatment leads to a positive result only with prolonged use of drugs.
Surgical organ-preserving treatment consists of removing endometriosis nodules using laparotomy or laparoscopy. This operation is performed through a small incision using a laser or electrocoagulation. After that, the doctor prescribes physiotherapy and medications that restore the menstrual cycle.
Surgical radical treatment of endometriosis is the complete removal of the uterus and ovaries. It is assigned only when absolutely necessary, after all the above methods have been tried.