Video: ❶ How To Treat Otitis Externa
Otitis externa is an inflammation of the auricle or external auditory canal. It develops as a result of a bacterial or fungal infection and can be limited and diffuse. Infection occurs with deep self-cleaning of the ears, flu, purulent otitis media, swimming in open water. Location: Location: Diagnosis and treatment of otitis externa is performed by an otolaryngologist. The goal of therapy is to eliminate the infection.
For the effective effect of external remedies, it is necessary to cleanse the lumen of the ear canal from sulfur, pus, and exfoliated skin areas. This is done by the doctor using tampons moistened with hydrogen peroxide.
If there is severe swelling of the ear canal, ear drops containing antibiotics and corticosteroids are prescribed. In the presence of an abscessed boil, it is opened, the rod is removed in the center, and only then local antibiotics are used.
In severe cases and with reduced immunity, the doctor prescribes oral or intramuscular antibiotics.
To relieve pain as quickly as possible with otitis externa, highly effective analgesic and anti-inflammatory behind-the-ear blockades and intravenous decongestant drip therapy are performed.
With otitis externa, alcohol turundas should not be used. Contact with an irritating aggressive substance on the inflamed skin can aggravate the pain syndrome. It is advisable to install a turunda with antibacterial or hormonal ointment.
In severe cases, hospitalization is indicated. In all cases, therapy should be prescribed by a doctor; independent attempts at treatment can lead to serious complications, for example, to the spread of pus through the subcutaneous tissue to the temporal region.
Usually, otitis media treatment lasts no more than ten days. Provided that the therapy is correctly selected and the appointments are fulfilled, the disease does not affect hearing acuity.
For the prevention of purulent otitis media, you must avoid the constant ingress of water into the ears, do not swim in polluted water. Do not deeply clean your ears with chopsticks. Their incorrect use leads to tamping of earwax and trauma. It is enough to remove the accumulated wax around the opening of the external auditory canal.