Video: ❶ What Are Adhesions
Adhesions are the so-called "fusion" between the surfaces of adjacent organs. In the vast majority of cases, they occur after trauma, inflammation, internal hemorrhage, or as a consequence of surgery. Adhesions are at first relatively thin, loose, and then, over time, they can become so dense, even ossified, that as a result, displacement or deformation of the organ can occur. Location: Location: If inflammation of the pericardium - the outer layer of the heart - gives an impetus to the deposition of calcium salts, then after a while the heart will be literally covered with a calcareous layer. It is no coincidence that cardiologists have a term: "armored heart".
In the case of inflammation of the peritoneum, adhesions in the abdominal cavity may occur (as a barrier against the spread of infection). Even such a simple operation as removing an inflamed appendix can lead to the formation of adhesions in the lower abdominal cavity.
Adhesions often develop after a variety of bowel surgeries, as well as urological and gynecological surgeries. That is, their occurrence can be considered as an instinctive response of the body to "alien invasion", no matter what caused them.
How to treat adhesive disease? It depends on its localization, as well as the degree of development. In most cases, preference should be given to drug therapy and physiotherapy, while operative measures should be resorted to only in case of a real threat to the patient's life or health.
For example, as a result of adhesions in the abdominal cavity (due to injury or trauma to the abdomen), the normal functioning of the intestines is disrupted. Peristalsis has sharply worsened, complete obstruction threatens. What do doctors do in such cases?
There are two main ways: conservative therapy and surgery. You can try to get rid of adhesions and restore the normal functioning of the intestine with the help of thermal physiotherapy, such as mud therapy, paraffin baths, electrophoresis.
To reduce pain, the patient is given analgesics. If the adhesions are small, not fully formed, they may dissolve after such procedures. If physiotherapy does not lead to a positive result, you have to resort to surgery.