Video: ❶ How To Cure Cystitis
Cystitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bladder. The disease is quite common, more common in women due to the anatomical structure of the urinary tract. Location: Location: According to the stages of occurrence, acute and chronic cystitis are distinguished. Downstream - primary and secondary. By the nature of the changes in the mucous membrane - catarrhal, hemorrhagic, ulcerative, etc.
Women are most often at risk of this disease. Their urethra is straight and short. Ascending the infection from the external genital organs to the bladder with vulvovaginitis spreads in a matter of hours. The cause may be bacteria (staphylococcus, E. coli, streptococcus), viruses and protozoa (mycoplasma, ureaplasma and chlamydia). In addition to ascending infection, inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs are of great importance - salpingo-oophoritis, endometritis, parametritis, etc. Infection through the lymphatic vessels penetrates the bladder and causes inflammation of the mucous membrane.
In addition to the ascending route of infection, there is also a descending one, with long-term pyelonephritis, accompanied by bacteriuria. Cystitis often accompanies urolithiasis, stones constantly irritate the mucous membrane and create a favorable background for the development of inflammation.
When treating cystitis, it is necessary to eliminate the causative agent of the infection and create a gentle regime for the mucous membrane. If the disease has arisen for the second time against the background of another pathology, it should be treated.
The causative agent of the infection is determined by urine tests - total and bacterial culture. Determine the sensitivity to antibiotics and conduct an appropriate course of treatment. In addition, uroseptic drugs, ready-made pharmaceutical forms or collections of diuretic herbs are prescribed. Drinking plenty of fluids, alkaline mineral water and herbal diuretic teas are necessary to reduce irritation of the bladder mucosa and accelerate its healing. With severe pain syndrome, antispasmodics and pain relievers are prescribed, warm sitz baths with herbs and warming the suprapubic area with a heating pad help to reduce pain. Usually on the 3-4th day of treatment of acute cystitis there is a marked relief, pain and frequent urination disappear. The general course of treatment for acute cystitis lasts from 7 to 10 days, depending on the severity of the disease.
If stones are present in the kidneys or bladder, urologists will prescribe appropriate treatment or remove the stones. While urolithiasis exists, cystitis can recur, becoming chronic. With chronic pyelonephritis and inflammation of the pelvic organs, long courses of appropriate treatment are also carried out.