❶ How To Treat Pneumonia

❶ How To Treat Pneumonia
❶ How To Treat Pneumonia

Video: ❶ How To Treat Pneumonia

Video: ❶ How To Treat Pneumonia
Video: Treatment of Pneumonia 2023, March
How to treat pneumonia
How to treat pneumonia

The treatment of pneumonia is carried out by specialists of a wide profile: family doctors, pediatricians and therapists, and in addition to them - pulmonologists. The basis of the therapy is the appointment of antibiotics of the desired group. They are chosen taking into account, first of all, the type of causative agent of this disease. In addition, for a full recovery and minimization of complications, an appropriate diet and compliance with a protective regime are required. Location: Location: Mode

Inpatient treatment of pneumonia is necessary only for severe forms of the disease, but similar hospital room requirements apply to home treatment. This is regular wet cleaning, daily ventilation and adherence to the temperature and humidity regime. The patient himself should not often leave his bed, and his physical activity should be limited.

Gradually, as the condition improves, the activity must be resumed. A person gains working capacity only 4 weeks after recovery. Physical activity will be contraindicated for another 2 weeks.


Diet during illness should not be limited. In contrast, the standards for the treatment of pneumonia provide for a nutritious diet that meets energy and essential nutrient requirements. But providing a complete diet will be difficult given the decreased appetite. Therefore, the patient must be fed often, in small portions, offering his favorite meals.

The only thing that should be limited in the diet is carbohydrates. They often cause fermentation in the intestines, and the high standing of the diaphragm makes breathing difficult. The patient needs a rational drinking regimen. The amount of fluid consumed will be above average as the patient loses additional moisture due to shortness of breath and fever.

Drug treatment

The basis of drug treatment for pneumonia is antimicrobial drugs. It is not always possible to choose antibiotics for pneumonia based on the sensitivity of the pathogen to them - it takes a lot of time for the appropriate analysis. Therefore, the drug for the initial therapy is usually chosen empirically.

The list of drugs often used in the treatment of pneumonia is as follows (as the frequency of use decreases):

- penicillins (both natural and semi-synthetic);

- cephalosporins of any of the four generations;

- macrolides;

- aminoglycosides.

In some cases, not one, but a combination of several antimicrobial drugs is used at the same time. The effectiveness of the treatment is assessed 48 hours after the start of therapy. If the treatment is ineffective, then the antibiotic is replaced with a drug from an alternative group.

Treatment of complicated forms

Pneumonia is dangerous not so much by its manifestations as by the threat of complications. That is why doctors are faced with the task of not only preventing pneumonia, but also preventing its complications. Each complication requires additional measures:

1. Respiratory failure. If it occurs, the normal conductivity of the bronchi should be restored using bronchodilators and expectorants, as well as oxygen therapy should be started.

2. Cardiovascular disorders. In case of insufficiency of heart function, the use of cardiac glycosides, as well as agents that improve microcirculation, is justified.

3. Infectious-toxic complications require massive infusion therapy, as well as intravenous administration of corticosteroids.

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