Video: ❶ What Is AIDS
How many myths and rumors are associated with such a terrible and incomprehensible disease as AIDS. Some say that it is incurable. Others believe that there is no such disease at all, that this is the intrigues of pharmacological companies and a conspiracy of doctors. However, the acronym AIDS exists and denotes a certain serious human disease. Location: Location: AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) was first described in 1981. After 2 years, the virus (HIV) that causes this disease was discovered. In the early stages, he does not manifest himself in any way, but acts destructively on the human immune system. As a result, the body is not able to fight any disease, even a simple cold can become fatal.
Symptoms at an early stage of the disease include headache, increased fatigue, sudden unreasonable weight loss by 10% or more, prolonged diarrhea, chronic cough lasting more than a month, prolonged pneumonia, brain lymphoma, dementia in previously healthy people. The risk of developing malignant neoplasms also increases.
These people are sick, but don't know about it yet. They may even undergo treatment for various illnesses, unaware that these are all signs of AIDS. At any moment, an impetus can occur for the further development of the disease. Scientists suggest that there are 50-100 times more people infected, but not yet identified, than with an established diagnosis. To diagnose AIDS, it is necessary to conduct tests to detect the HIV antigen, detect antibodies to HIV and isolate the virus.
The most basic method of preventing AIDS is to minimize risk factors. In the absence of a permanent sexual partner and their frequent change, regularly carry out diagnostics. Use a condom for all types of sex. Observe the rules of hygiene: do not use shared razors, blades, needles, syringes should be only disposable.
At the present stage of development of medicine, a complete cure is impossible. The vaccine has not yet been found. Taking antiretroviral drugs slows the progression of the disease and reduces mortality. Medicines suppress the multiplication of the immunodeficiency virus, correct the immune system and treat concomitant diseases.
AIDS is not only a medical disease, it is also a social and psychological problem. The sick themselves and the people around them are very sensitive to this disease. The patient can turn into a real outcast, since there is an established opinion that only prostitutes, drug addicts and homosexuals get AIDS.